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Full text of "Mathematical And Physical Papers - Iii"

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the most likely to absorb the chemical rays. I presently found a pale smoke-coloured glass, which, when placed immediately in front of the hole, prevented the formation of the blue arc, although when placed immediately in front of the eye it transmitted a large proportion of the light of which the arc consisted. The colour of the arc was of course modified, and rendered more nearly white.
On trying other pale glasses, I found one of a puce colour, which, when placed in front of the hole, allowed the arc to be formed, though it absorbed it when placed in front of the eye. A yellow, and likewise a yellowish green glass allowed the arc to be seen in both positions ; but its colour was decidedly different according as the glass was placed in front of the hole or in front of the eye. The breadth, too, of the arc was differently affected by different coloured glasses placed in front of the hole, some causing the light to be more, and others less concentrated towards the surface of the test tube than when the incident light was unimpeded.
8.    The  sun's  light  was next  reflected  horizontally  into  a darkened room, and allowed to pass through a hole in a vertical board which was placed in the window.    The hole contained a lens of rather short focus.    On placing a test tube containing the solution, in a vertical position, in front of the lens, at such a distance that the focus lay some way inside the fluid, the narrow blue band described by Sir John Herschel and the blue beam mentioned by Sir David Brewster were seen independently of each other.    On trying different coloured glasses, which were placed, first in front of the fluid, and then in front of the eye, it was found that the blue beam, as had previously proved to be the case with the narrow band, was for the most part differently affected according as the glass was placed so as to intercept the incident or the dispersed light.    Moreover, the long blue beam and the narrow band did not behave in the same manner under the action of the same coloured glass.
9.    To my own mind these experiments were conclusive as to the fact of a change of refrangibility.    Admitting that the effect of a coloured glass is simply to stop a certain fraction of the incident light, that fraction being a function of the refrangibility, it is plain that the results can be explained in no other way.    It
s. III.                                                                          18